Phleum pratense, Phleum nodosum, SE: Timotej,
DE: Wiesen-Lieschgras, NL: Timoteegras, UK: Timothy-grass

Scientific name:  Phleum pratense L.
Synonym name:  Phleum nodosum L., Phleum pratense ssp. nodosum (L.) Arcang., Phleum pratense var. nodosum (L.)
Swedish name:  Timotej
German name:  Wiesen-Lieschgras
Nederlandse naam:  Timoteegras
English name:  Timothy-grass
Plant Family:  Poaceae / Gramineae, True grasses, Gräs

Sweden wildflowers, nature

Life form:  Graminoid (grasses)
Stems:  Unbranched culm, light green, hairless, and terete (round in cross-section); the nodes of the culm are green and glabrous.
Leaves:  Alternate, dull green to greyish blue, hairless, flat, and linear; margins, scabrous, while the base of each leaf blade is usually more wide than the culm; culm terminates in a spike-like panicle of florets.
Flowers:  Spikes are 2 ½ to 13 cm long, very condensed, cylindrical, and 6 to 9 ½ mm thick. Spikelets are one-flowered, compressed, and green or often purple-tipped.
Flowering Period:  june, July
Fruits:  Grains ripen, and the cylindrical panicles of spikelets become light brown.
Habitat:  Throughout the country

Phleum pratense, Timotej, Wiesen-Lieschgras,  Timoteegras, Timothy-grass

Derivation of the botanical name:
Phleum, Greek phleos, an ancient name for a kind of rush or reed.
pratense, refers to its habitat, moist meadows.
nodosum, with conspicuous nodes.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Arcang. is used to indicate Giovanni Arcangeli (1840 – 1921), an Italian botanist.

Flora of Sweden online, Native plants, Sverige